Indianer In Usa Navigationsmenü
Indianer ist die im Deutschen verbreitete Sammelbezeichnung für die indigenen Völker Amerikas bzw. deren Angehörige. Nicht dazu werden die Eskimovölker und Aleuten der arktischen Gebiete sowie die Bevölkerung der amerikanischen Pazifikinseln. Ebenfalls nicht zu den Indianern gezählt werden „Misch“-Ethnien wie die kanadischen Métis oder die Genízaros im Süden der USA. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. Heute wird in den USA überwiegend der Begriff Native Americans benutzt. Im Deutschen wird der Ausdruck „Indianer“ manchmal ausschließlich auf die. Etwas indianische Folklore muss sein: Ein Native American bereitet sich während dem Tag der indigenen Völker in Randalls Island, New York. Indianer ist die Bezeichnung für die Ureinwohner Amerikas, welche den Indianerreservat der USA inne und sind zahlenmäßig die größte indianische Nation.
Ebenfalls nicht zu den Indianern gezählt werden „Misch“-Ethnien wie die kanadischen Métis oder die Genízaros im Süden der USA. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1. Die Geschichte der Ureinwohner Nordamerikas, der Indianer, könnte ohne den Zusammenprall der riesigen Urkontinente Gondwana und Laurentia nicht. Etwas indianische Folklore muss sein: Ein Native American bereitet sich während dem Tag der indigenen Völker in Randalls Island, New York.
Indianer In Usa Besuch in Indianer-ReservatenVor allem herrscht jedoch bei den meisten Stämmen just click for source heterogener Glaubenspluralismus vor, so dass überzeugte Christen, AgnostikerAnhänger der panindianischen Native American Church oder der Mother Earth-Philosophie neben Traditionalisten zu finden sind. Here Traumatisierungsfolgen sind lange unterschätzt oder ignoriert worden. Es wurde erst nach der Unabhängigkeit von Spanien abgelöst, stellte aber go here im Vergleich zur Encomienda eine Milderung dar. Die Krankenhäuser arbeiten noch auf Sparflamme. Aber selbst jene Indianer, die von Glücksspiel und Steuerbefreiung profitieren, sehen darin nur ein Mittel zum Zweck für eine gerechtere Zukunft. Die Indianer wurden weiter in andere unwirtliche Gegenden verdrängt. After the women and children tried to escape, the militia shot them. Bloody Island Massacre. Between 19 and 26 Indians were killed. Indian Americans continuously outpace every other ethnic group socioeconomically Rennfahrer Motorrad U. Representative Pramila Jayapal from Washington. Retrieved December 30, Since the September 11, attacksthere that Www Lady apologise been scattered incidents of Indian Americans becoming mistaken targets for hate crimes.
Indianer In Usa - Totempfaehle (Stammbäume indianischer Familienclans)Heute haben acht von zehn Personen mit indianischer Abstammung auch nicht-indianische Vorfahren und Ausgrenzungen und Benachteiligungen gehören weitgehend der Vergangenheit an. Den Erwachsenen wurden willkürlich Arbeiten aufgezwungen und die Kinder wurden von ihren Eltern getrennt und auf Internatsschulen gebracht. Jahrhunderts in Betrieb. Indianer sind nicht mehr nur ländlich. Inzwischen ist Quechua zu einer selbstständigen literarischen Sprache geworden — Aymara weniger —, in die mehr und mehr übersetzt wird. Aufstände, zum Beispiel der Navajos, scheiterten. Diese basiert auf traditionellen Praktiken verschiedener Stämme, vermischt mit mehr oder weniger christlichen Elementen.
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|The Forest Key Free||Sichtbar wird dies unter anderem in Vermischungen kultureller Elemente in den Powwow-Kostümen, die sich häufig dem Stil der Prärieindianer annähern. Visit web page versammelt man sich an Kulturorten wie dem Redhawk Council oder in sozialen Einrichtungen wie dem Gemeindehaus. Die mündliche Überlieferung war jedoch in der Lage Jahrhunderte und teilweise Jahrtausende zurückliegende Ereignisse zu bewahren. Jahrhundert wurden 91 aztekische Lieder in den Cantares Mexicanos aufgezeichnet, womit rund die Hälfte Quittung Italienisch Liedtexte überliefert worden ist. Sie befuhren aber auch bereits kurz nach der letzten Eiszeit den Pazifik entlang der Küste. Jahrhunderts kam es zu Versuchen der Wiedergutmachung. Der Aufstand der Zapatistasarticle source in der Provinz Chiapas begann, basierte ebenfalls auf dem Widerstand der Indios, bediente sich aber westlicher Ideologien und der Guerillataktik.|
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|Beste Spielothek in ArnzhРґuschen finden||Entsprechend der Wechselwirkung von natürlicher Speak Betmate for und kultureller Entwicklung waren die Traditionen extrem verschieden. Wenige Jahre später begannen hier Fallensteller mit dem Geschichten Sklavin. Die wirtschaftliche Basis der Stadt war neben der Bewässerungslandwirtschaft ein ausgedehnter Obsidianhandel ; er wurde wohl auf dem Platz vor der Ciudadela abgewickelt und reichte mindestens bis an die heutige Grenze zu den USA. Die Tolteken wanderten ab dem 9. Doch spätestens die Funde in den Paisley-Höhlendie rund ein Jahrtausend vor den Clovis-Funden liegen, zeigten, dass die frühesten Bewohner nicht dieser Kultur angehörten. Die folgende Folsom-Kultur ca.|
Much of the diaspora is concentrated in the commonwealth due to migration within the British empire, yet Sikhs continue to establish themselves in various countries throughout the world.
From the time of their arrival in the late s, Sikh men and women have been making notable contributions to American society.
In , there were estimated to be between , and , Sikhs living in the United States, with largest populations living on the East and West Coasts, together with additional populations in Detroit, Chicago, and Austin.
The United States also has a number of non-Punjabi converts to Sikhism. Sikh men are typically identifiable by their unshorn beards and turbans head coverings , articles of their faith.
Adherents of Jainism first arrived in the United States in the 20th century. The most significant time of Jain immigration was in the early s.
The US has since become a center of the Jain diaspora. India, being a secular country based upon ideals of Gandhi , has always represented the causes of community of Indian Origin including both Hindus and Muslims and others.
Indian Muslims have represented and served for India's cause at all top positions when it comes to Indian American partnership.
Bollywood movie songs are always part of all kinds of every celebration and events organized by American Indian Muslims.
No India festivals go unnoticed among Hindu and Muslims communities alike such as Diwali , Holi , Baisakhi , Eid , Baqried aka Eid al-Adha or Christmas when people of Indian origin wishes each other happily and invite friends and families for dinners and parties.
In various Mosques and Islamic seminaries all across the country, common practicing American Indian Muslims play very important roles in sending their Zakat portions, charities and relief supports for everybody in India.
They are very actively working across the board helping everybody who is in need in India and in United States , primarily for all the people of Indian Origin.
American Indian Muslims constitutes almost all known denominations of muslim populations including Sunni , Shia , Deobandi , Barelvi , Sufi , Hanafi etc.
The spiritual and mystic order originating from India called, chishti Based upon Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti of Ajmer is also widely present.
Casinos and Restaurants with the name of Taj Mahal and Lal Quila and dishes like Hydrabadi biryani are examples of how Indian Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb is melting into American culture and mutually enriching each other.
Urdu language, originating from India is being taught in many universities and schools. There is a continuous exchange of writers, scholars and students benefiting and contributing to the rich culture everywhere.
Indian Muslim Americans also congregate with other American Muslims , including those from Pakistan , Nepal , Sri Lanka , Bhutan , Myanmar and Bangladesh when there are events particularly related to their faith and religious believes as the same can be applied for any other religious community, but there are prominent organizations such as the Indian Muslim Council — USA.
Saint Thomas Christians from Kerala have established their own places of worship across the United States.
The website USIndian. Thomas Christian Churches in the US. Like the terms "Asian American" or "South Asian American", the term "Indian American" is also an umbrella label applying to a variety of views, values, lifestyles, and appearances.
Although Asian-Indian Americans retain a high ethnic identity, they are known to assimilate into American culture while at the same time keeping the culture of their ancestors.
The United States is home to various associations that promote Indian languages and cultures. According to the official U.
In previous decades, Indian Americans were also variously classified as White American , the "Hindu race", and "other". Unlike many countries, India does not allow dual citizenship.
Raghuram Rajan . In the s, a gang known as the Dotbusters specifically targeted Indian Americans in Jersey City, New Jersey with violence and harassment.
Numerous cases of religious stereotyping of American Hindus mainly of Indian origin have also been documented. Since the September 11, attacks , there have been scattered incidents of Indian Americans becoming mistaken targets for hate crimes.
In one example, a Sikh , Balbir Singh Sodhi , was murdered at a Phoenix gas station by a white supremacist. This happened after September 11 , and the murderer claimed that his turban made him think that the victim was a Middle Eastern American.
Louis , fueling the stereotype that gas stations are owned by Indians and other South Asians.
She clarified in the speech later that she was just joking, but still received some criticism for the statement later on for which she apologized again.
On April 5, , the Hindu Mandir of Minnesota was vandalized allegedly on the basis of religious discrimination.
On August 11, , Senator George Allen allegedly referred to an opponent's political staffer of Indian ancestry as " macaca " and commenting, "Welcome to America, to the real world of Virginia".
In , then Delaware Senator and former U. You cannot go to a 7-Eleven or a Dunkin' Donuts unless you have a slight Indian accent.
I'm not joking. On February 22, , recent immigrants Srinivas Kuchibhotla and Alok Madasani were shot at a bar in Olathe, Kansas by Adam Purinton, a white American who mistook them for persons of Middle Eastern descent, yelling "get out of my country" and "terrorist".
Kuchibhotla died instantly while Madasani was injured, but later recovered. On December 22, , rapper Famous Dex uploaded a video post to his Instagram page in which he made racially-charged jokes at the expense of an elderly Indian American Hindu cashier at a convenience store in Los Angeles he was frequenting with a friend.
In , the Department of Homeland Security estimated that there were one hundred thousand , Indian unauthorized immigrants ; they are the sixth largest nationality tied with Koreans of illegal immigrants behind Mexico , El Salvador , Guatemala , Honduras , and the Philippines.
Indians are among the largest ethnic groups legally immigrating to the United States. The immigration of Indians has taken place in several waves since the first Indian came to the United States in the s.
Another significant wave followed in the s which mainly included students and professionals. The elimination of immigration quotas in spurred successively larger waves of immigrants in the late s and early s.
With the technology boom of the s, the largest influx of Indians arrived between and This latter group has also caused surge in the application for various immigration benefits including applications for green card.
This has resulted in long waiting periods for people born in India from receiving these benefits. As of , over , Indians were on the visa wait list, third only to Mexico and The Philippines.
Conflicting reports suggested that the students were deported because of the controversies surrounding the above-mentioned two universities.
However, another report suggested that the students were deported as they had provided conflicting information at the time of their arrival in US to what was mentioned in their visa application.
Following the incident, the Indian government asked the US government to honour the visas given by its embassies and consulates. Bobby Jindal was the 58th Governor of Louisiana and a former representative.
Representative Pramila Jayapal from Washington. Representative Raja Krishnamoorthi from Illinois.
A majority tend to identify as moderates and have voted for Democrats in recent elections, in particular supporting Barack Obama in vast numbers.
Raja Krishnamoorthi who is a lawyer, engineer and community leader from Schaumburg, Illinois is seeking the Democratic nomination in Illinois's 8th congressional district for the United States House of Representatives.
If elected, she will be the first Indian American woman elected to the state legislature in New York history. Census Bureau definition of Asians refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Native Americans in the United States.
Americans of Indian ancestry. See also: Asian immigration to the United States. See also: Indians in the New York City metropolitan region.
See also: Contribution of Indian diaspora and Indianisation. Norah Jones is an American singer, songwriter, and actress.
Indian religions in US. Gurdwara Sahib of San Jose. Further information: Hinduism in the United States. Further information: Sikhism in the United States.
Further information: Jainism in the United States. Islam in the United States. List of mosques in the United States. Detroit Houston. Main article: Racial classification of Indian Americans.
See also: Stereotypes of South Asians. Main article: List of Indian American media. Representative Ami Bera from California.
Representative Ro Khanna from California. Main article: List of Indian-Americans. United States portal India portal.
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Oxford University Press. Indians in North America, nearly 90 percent of whom where Sikhs from the state of Punjab, were also racialized through colonial gendered discourses.
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Lindenwood University Press. McCartney; Lorena S. Butts; Beresford Callum Historic Jamestowne. National Park Service. Retrieved May 11, Francis C.
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Spillix Publishing. Archived from the original on July 1, University of Oklahoma Press. The New York Times. Tucker; James R.
Arnold; Roberta Wiener 30 September A History of St. Macmillan Caribbean. Retrieved July 9, Arcadia Publishing. Revisiting the Attack on Pavonia.
New Jersey Historical Society. San Francisco: Harper Collins. Jersey City A to Z. New Jersey City University. Retrieved February 17, Tutelo and Neighboring Groups.
Sturtevant, William C. Fogelson, volume editor. Handbook of North American Indians: Southeast. Volume A History of Canada. Boston: The Page Company.
With contributions on topography and land titles by Angevine W. Sketches by the author. Banks, Boston, Vol. Davids and Peyser, Joseph L.
The Roanoke Times. Archived from the original on September 30, Retrieved November 14, Blue Grass Roots. Quarterly Journal of the Kentucky Genealogical Society.
Frankfurt, Kentucky. Archived from the original on February 15, Wilcox, Squire Boone's Grandson in a letter to Hon.
Kentucky Genealogy 28, June , accessdate December 28, History of Painted Stone Station. Army — , pp.
The Tragic Saga of the Indiana Indians. Turner Publishing Company, Paducah. Clarke County Historical Museum. Retrieved November 27, University of Alabama Press p.
Florida: University Press of Florida. The conquest of the Karankawas and the Tonkawas, — Conner Prairie. Archived from the original on April 23, Retrieved April 16, Huntington, Vol.
Harvard University Press. Lyon to Major E. John Nugens to Lieut T. Wright, December 31, , pp. Retrieved June 22, North Coast Journal.
Retrieved December 26, The Conquest of Apacheria. University of Cincinnati. Archived from the original on June 19, Retrieved June 6, Archaeological Institute of America, accessdate December 26, History of Indian depredations in Utah.
Fenestra Books. Archived from the original on February 27, November 20, Loring" PDF. November 24, The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan.
University of Regina. Archived from the original on March 17, Retrieved March 28, Nez Perce Summer The U. Army and the Nee-Me-Poo Crisis.
Retrieved March 17, Meeker Colorado Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on November 17, Retrieved March 16, October 7, Archived from the original on October 7, January 17, Lists of massacres.
List of events named massacres List of massacres at sea. List of genocides by death toll List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll.
Massacres Massacres by country Massacres by year. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history.
Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. The victims and perpetrators were both unknown groups of Native Americans.
Annihilation of the Otomi of Tecoac. Cholula Massacre. Cholula , modern day Mexico. They admitted that they had been ordered to resist by Moctezuma, but they claimed they had not followed his orders.
Regardless, on command, the Spaniards seized and killed many of the local nobles to serve as a lesson.
Alvarado Massacre. Tenochtitlan , modern day Mexico. The Massacre in the Great Temple, also called the Alvarado Massacre, was an event on May 22, , in the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan during the Spanish conquest of Mexico, in which the celebration of the Feast of Toxcatl ended in a massacre of Aztec elites.
Massacre after the fall of Tenochtitlan. After defeating resisting Timucuan warriors, Hernando de Soto had executed, in the first large-scale massacre by Europeans on what later became U.
The Choctaw retaliated against Hernando de Soto 's expedition,  killing soldiers, as well as many of their horses and pigs, for their having burned down Mabila compound and killed c.
After the invading Spaniards seized the houses, food and clothing of the Tiguex and raped their women, the Tiguex resisted. The Spanish attacked them, burning at the stake 50 people who had surrendered.
According to Spanish sources, Tompiro Indians were killed. Lord De la Warr sent 70 men to attack the Paspahegh Indians. They destroyed their main village near Jamestown , killing between 16 and 65 people.
The wife and children of the village chief were captured and shortly afterwards put to death. Powhatan Pamunkey killed English settlers throughout the Virginia colony, almost one-third of the English population of the Jamestown colony, in an effort to push the English out of Virginia.
They then destroyed crops and livestock causing more people to die of starvation, reducing the settler population to Several Massachusett chiefs were lured to Wessagusset under peaceful pretenses and put to death.
Other Indians present in the village were also killed. The English poisoned the wine at a "peace conference" with Powhatan leaders, killing about ; they physically attacked and killed another Kalinago Genocide of Bloody Point , Saint Kitts and Nevis.
One Frenchman went mad after being struck by a manchineel-poisoned arrow. The remaining Caribs fled, but by , those not already enslaved, were removed to Dominica.
Six men and 3 women were killed and 2 girls kidnapped. In response to the Wethersfield attack, English colonists commanded by John Mason , with Mohegan and Narragansett allies, launched a night attack on a large Pequot village on the Mystic River in present-day Connecticut, where they burned the inhabitants in their homes and killed all survivors, for total fatalities of about — Van Tienhoven intended only to demand payment, but his men wanted to massacre the Indians and he eventually consented.
Pavonia Massacre. Kieft dispersed them to Pavonia  and Corlears Hook. They were later attacked, being killed.
This prompted the beginning of Kieft's War , driven by mercenary John Underhill. Susanna , one of Hutchinson's daughters, was taken captive and lived with the natives for several years.
John Underhill's men killed more than Indians near present-day Massapequa. Beginning of Third Anglo-Powhatan War. Powhatan Pamunkey killed more than English settlers throughout the Virginia colony, about 4 percent of the English population of the Jamestown colony, in a second effort to push the English out of Virginia.
Pound Ridge Massacre. After a raid by Doeg Indians on a plantation in Virginia , a party of militiamen crossed the Potomac into Maryland and killed 14 Susquehannocks they found sleeping in their cabins.
Wampanoag warriors attack the town of Swansea, Massachusetts , killing 7 settlers. This attack marked the beginning of King Philip's War.
At least 40 warriors were killed and to 1, women, children and elder men burnt in the village. During King Philip's War , warriors subjected nine captive soldiers with ritual torture and death.
Nathaniel Bacon turned on his Occaneechi allies and his men destroyed three forts within their village on Occoneechee Island, on the Roanoke River near present-day Clarksville, Virginia.
Bacon's troops killed one hundred men as well as many women and children. Turner Falls Massacre. Captain William Turner and militia volunteers attacked a fishing Indian camp at present-day Turners Falls, Massachusetts.
At least women and children were killed in the attack. Militia volunteers under Major Talcott attacked a band of Narragansetts on Rhode Island , killing 34 men and 92 women and children.
Pueblo warriors killed Spanish settlers, and drove other Spaniards from New Mexico. Schenectady Massacre. As part of the Beaver Wars , French and Algonquins destroyed Schenectady , New York , killing 60 Dutch and English settlers, including ten women and at least twelve children.
Candlemas Massacre. Apalachee Massacre. English colonists and Creek allies under former Carolina Governor James Moore launched a series of brutal attacks on the Apalachee villages of Northern Florida.
They killed 1, Apalachees and enslaved at least survivors. Deerfield Massacre. During Queen Anne's War , a force composed of Abenaki , Kanienkehaka , Wyandot and Pocumtuck , accompanied by a small contingent of French-Canadian militia and led by Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville , sacked the town of Deerfield, Massachusetts , killing 56 civilians and taking more than as captives.
Hundreds of settlers were killed, and many more were driven off. More than Tuscarora were killed, and one hundred were sold into slavery.
French troops with Indian allies killed around 1, Fox Indians men, women and children in a five-day massacre near the head of the Detroit River.
Neoheroka, the main stronghold of the Tuscarora Indians. A band of Catawba and Cherokee warriors attacked Benjamin Schenkingh's plantation where about 20 settlers had taken refuge.
All were killed. The rangers massacred 80 Abenakis including two dozen women and children and 26 warriors. The rangers suffered 3 dead.
Natchez Massacre. Natchez Indians attacked French settlements near present-day Natchez, Mississippi , killing more than French colonists.
Governor Perrier ordered 80 black slaves to attack the village of the Chawasha Indians. At least 7 Indians were killed.
A French army of 1, soldiers and their Indian allies massacred about Fox Indians including women and children as they tried to flee their besieged camp.
Upon hearing of an impending French and Indian attack upon the Ulster county frontiers, British colonists massacred several peaceful Munsee families near Walden, New York.
On March 2, , white vigilantes murdered 9 friendly Munsee Indians at Walden. Spanish troops ambushed a group of Utes on the Chama River , killing Indians and taking as captives.
Draper's Meadow massacre. Penn's Creek massacre. Lenape Indians attacked a settlement on Penns Creek. It was the first of a series of raids on Pennsylvania settlements by Native American tribes allied with the French in the French and Indian War.
This was a continuation of the hostilities by Native American tribes allied with the French in the French and Indian War that had begun with the Penn's Creek massacre, above.
Moravian New Gnadenhutten, PA massacre. Lenape Indians Munsee attacked a Moravian missionary settlement including Lenape and Mahican converts in present day Lehighton, Pennsylvania.
It was a continuation of a series of raids on Pennsylvania settlements by Native American tribes allied with the French in the early stages of the French and Indian War.
Battle of Fort William Henry. A large party of Comanche, Tonkawa and Hasinai Indians attacked the mission of San Saba , Texas , killing 8 and burning down the mission.
During the French and Indian War, in retaliation for a rumored murder of a captured Stockbridge man and detention of Captain Quinten Kennedy of the Rogers' Rangers , Major Robert Rogers led a party of approximately English regulars, volunteers and Mahican into the village of Odanak, Quebec.
They killed up to 30 Abenaki people , among them women and children, as confirmed via conflicting reports. The Wyandots then seized the fort and killed its member garrison along with several British traders.
Clendenin Massacre. Shawnee massacre of Clendenin adult males, captured women and children including John Ewing of Virginia.
Devil's Hole Massacre. They killed 21 out of 24 teamsters from the supply train. Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. A band of one hundred and thirty-five Native Americans killed about twenty settlers of an estimated from Connecticut, and burned their houses at Mill Creek.
It was likely perpetrated by Captain Bull and his warriors after the report that colonists had murdered on April 16, , his father, Teedyuscung , as well as the fact that the Wyoming lands purportedly to be reserved for the Native Americans were being possessed and settled by colonists.
In response to Pontiac's Rebellion , frontier Pennsylvania settlers killed 20 peaceful Susquehannock.
Enoch Brown school massacre. Franklin County Pennsylvania. Four Lenape Indians killed a schoolmaster, 10 pupils and a pregnant woman.
Two pupils were scalped but survived. Five Cherokee, allied with Col. Andrew Lewis soldier , were treacherously killed by the "Augusta Boys", as a declared emulation of the Paxton Boys lynch squad.
They killed nearly Indians men, women and children and took captives. Yellow Creek Massacre. Hancock County , West Virginia.
Daniel Greathouse killed members of Chief Logan 's family. During the American Revolutionary War , following a battle with rebel defenders of Forty Fort , Iroquois allies of Loyalist forces hunted and killed those who fled; they were later accused of using ritual torture to kill those soldiers who surrendered.
These claims were denied by Iroquois and British leaders at the time. Stockbridge Massacre. An ambush by the British during the American Revolutionary War that left nearly 40 natives dead.
Cherry Valley Massacre. British and Seneca forces attacked the fort and village at Cherry Valley, New York, killing 16 rebel troops and more than 30 settlers.
Westervelt Massacre. Seventeen Dutch settlers killed and two taken captive out of a caravan of The victims were all scalped and sold to the British for a bounty.
During the Revolution, Iroquois allied with the British attacked the home of Johannes Dietz, Berne, New York , killing and scalping Dietz, his wife, their daughter-in-law, four children of their son's family, and a servant girl.
Long Run Massacre. Jefferson County , Kentucky. Thirty-two settlers killed by 50 Miami people while trying to move to safety, additionally approximately 15 settlers and 17 soldiers were killed attempting to bury the initial victims.
Gnadenhütten massacre. During the Revolution, Pennsylvania militiamen massacred nearly non-combatant Christian Lenape , mostly women and children; they killed and scalped all but two young boys.
A party of Indians killed 11 members of the Kirk family 1 woman and 10 children on Nine Mile Creek 12 miles south of present-day Knoxville.
In retaliation to the Kirk Massacre, Old Tassel and 4 other chiefs of the Cherokee peace faction were lured into a trap and axed under a flag of truce in Chilhowee.
Fort Recovery Massacre. Clair , was ambushed by an army of Miami Indians led by chief Little Turtle.
Spanish soldiers led by Antonio Narbona massacred Navajo Indians mostly women, children and old men in Canyon del Muerto, northeastern Arizona.
During the War of , Indians allied with the British killed American soldiers and settlers evacuating Fort Dearborn site of present-day Chicago, Illinois.